Research studies have compared inflammatory elements in the diet to bone density and have found a new association between bone health and food. The study involved more than 1.5 lakh postmenopausal women in the age group of 50 to 79. The study proved that women put on least-inflammatory diets lost less bone density in a six-year follow-up study compared to their peers who were put on most-inflammatory diets. Both the groups started with lower overall bone density.
The research also found that, low-inflammatory diets have the potential to lower the risk of hip fracture among one subgroup involved in the study. Women must eat anti-inflammatory diets rich in vegetables, fruits, fish and whole grains to reap the benefits of healthy bones. This study also implies the fact that a healthy diet impacts bones as a woman ages. Inflammation is sometimes good and sometimes bad, depending on various factors. Check out the website www.firsteatright.com to learn which type of inflammation is good and which type is bad.
Likewise, when the risk of inflammation increases, risk of osteoporosis increases too. The study also looked at the diet as one full factor rather than going into the details of each nutrient separately to understand how the components of the diet might interact with each other to provide benefit.
The study also found that women with more-inflammatory diets were not at a greater risk of hip fracture, in fact they were at a reduced risk of bone or hip fractures. This may also be due to the fact that women with lower-inflammatory scores were more physically active and hence, were at an increased risk of falling down and breaking their bones. Also, women with healthier diets didn’t lose bones as quickly as those with high-inflammation diets, the main factor here that post menopause women are at an increased risk of losing bone density that may lead to fractures.
Sport requires constant travel as the athletes participate in events held in different states or countries. This pushes a person to eat away from home. Wherever you might be- travelling with a sports team, going to practice directly from school or doing a workout session while on a holiday, ensure that your body has the fuel it needs.
Athletes can also breast-feed their baby. With a doctor’s guidance, most women can engage in sports or some exercise along with breast-feeding.
When moms exclusively breast-feed their infants, they need to consume approximately 670 extra calories every day. If the mom wants to lose calories gradually, it is advisable to add approximately 500 calories per day for the first six months and 400 calories per day for the second six months. Mothers engaging in physical workout need more calories. The actual number of calories depends on the duration and intensity of workout.
There is a certain set of guidelines that needs to be followed while planning a well-balanced eating plan for athletes and non-athletes, alike. It is better to seek the help of a registered dietitian nutritionist at www.firsteatright.com to plan a customized meal plan for the breast-feeding mother.
Fluid needs increase during the breast-feeding period. The average needs differ between 8 to 12 cups per day for food, beverage and water when the breast-feeding mom is not exercising. Work out sessions elevate the need to drink fluids to an even greater extent.
While breast-feeding is recommended at least till the child’s first birthday, mothers who choose not to breast-feed or stop breast-feeding before one year should rely on an iron-fortified formula to fulfill their baby’s nutritional needs. Breast or bottle, babies love feeding times for all the cuddling and affection. Sit down in a quiet, comfortable place. Relax, hold your baby in a semi-upright position and talk lovingly to your little one while feeding.
Every baby is different and takes different time duration to settle into a regular routine. Feed your baby on demand and again, allow him/her to decide when to stop feeding. Drowsing off or naturally turning away from the bottle are signs of fullness from your baby. Don’t push your baby to finish the bottle once you see these signs in your little one.
Burp your baby midway through the feed and at the end of the feed too. This helps to remove any excess air present in your baby’s tummy. Even after doing all this, if your baby spits a small amount of formula during feeding or burping, it is perfectly normal.
Different Formula Forms
Numerous varieties of infant formula are out in the market and it is up to you to decide the best one for your child after discussing with your pediatrician. Most of the formulas are made from specially treated cow’s milk and iron-fortified. But, never feed an infant under one year with regular cow milk as the baby’s digestion system is not fit to digest milk protein properly and cow’s milk also lacks multiple nutrients needed for growing infants. Read more on cow’s milk and the suitability of it for different age groups at www.firsteatright.com.
Premature babies are usually fed with soy formula or other specialized formulas as per the instructions given by the doctor or a registered dietitian nutritionist. Formula are available in different forms such as ready-to-use, concentrate and powder form (least expensive). Mix formula properly after reading the instructions.
Baby Bottle Safety
Some techniques to prevent your baby from falling sick and promote dental hygiene include:
Dietitian Nutritionist Dr. Nafeesa Imteyaz.